Published Papers - Abstract 111

Manderson L, Markobic M & Kelaher M. Bodies transported: Health and identity among involuntary immigrant women from Bosnia and Herzegovina. , 1999; :

Late 20th century war has been highly localised. The responses to it have been global, however, mediated by intergovernmental agencies, non-government organisations and individual countries which negotiate the borders of war and the politics of identity to provide relief to those requesting and demonstrating the need for rescue. In this context, notions of risk have been developed and incorporated in UN guidelines on gender, and adapted for the targeted emigration of women from difficult circumstances, particularly areas of war and/or flight.In Australia, women at risk and other special categories are used for the immigration of single women and women with children whose partners have been killed or are missing. In a discussion of immigrant policy and programs, this paper reviews the official operationalisation of risk to determine migration status, wherein risk is defined as a state before, but not following, migration. However, the circumstances of immigration and resettlement suggest that women remain at risk, often physical as well as emotional and financial. This has implications for the provision and delivery of support services. The paper raises questions about the globalisation of humanitarian projects, the lack of attention in such projects to ethnic and national identities, the ways in which these impinge on migration experience, and the implications of this for women’s physical and mental health.