Details of Publication 335 for Project A035:

Smith MD, Russell A & Hodges PW. How common is back pain in women with gastrointestinal problems? Clinical Journal of Pain, 2008; 24(3): 199-203

Objective: This study examined the relationship between back pain and gastrointestinal symptoms in a large scale population study with consideration of possible confounding factors.Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of survey data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health was conducted using multinomial logistic regression to model four frequencies of back pain in relation to number of gastrointestinal symptoms (including constipation, haemorrhoids and other bowel problems). A total of 38,050 women from three age-cohorts were included in analysis.Results: After adjustment for confounding factors, the number of gastrointestinal symptoms was significantly associated with back pain among all age cohorts. Odds ratios for experiencing back pain rarely , sometimes and often increased with the number of gastrointestinal symptoms. Young, mid-age and older women who experience two or three gastrointestinal symptoms had adjusted odds ratios of 3.3 (2.5-4.4), 3.0 (2.5-3.7) and 2.8 (2.3-3.4) respectively for often having back pain.Discussion: This study has identified a strong association between back pain and gastrointestinal symptoms in women. Possible factors that may account for this relationship include referred pain through viscerosomatic convergence, altered pain perception, increased spinal loading when straining during defecation, or reduced support of the abdominal contents and spine secondary to changes in function of theabdominal muscles.