Details of Publication 37 for Project A004:

Chiarelli P, Brown WJ & McElduff P. Leaking urine in Australian women: Prevalence and associated conditions. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 1999; 18(6): 567-577

The Women's Health Australia project provided the opportunity to examine the prevalence of leaking urine and associated variables in three large cohorts of Australian women 18- 23 years of age ( young N= 14,761), 45 - 50 ( mid-age N=14,070), and 70 - 75 ('older' N= 12,893). The proportion of women reporting leaking urine was 12.8% (95% CI: 12.2 - 13.3), 36.1% (35.2 - 37.0), and 35% (34.1 - 35.9) in each of the three cohorts respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed significant associations between leaking urine and parity in the young and mid-age women, and between leaking urine and constipation, other bowel symptoms, body mass index, and urine that burns or stings in all three groups. In the mid-age and older cohorts, women who reported having both hysterectomy and prolapse repair, or prolapse repair alone, were also more likely to report leaking urine. Lower scores on the physical and mental component summary scores of the medical outcomes survey short form (36 items) questionnaire suggest lower quality of life among women who report leaking urine, compared with those who do not.