Details of Publication 887 for Project A411:

Dillon G, Hussain R, Loxton D & Khan A. Rurality and self-reported health in women with a history of intimate partner violence PLoS ONE, 2016; 11(9): e0162380

Objective: To investigate differences in self-reported health among Australian women with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV) in relation to rurality of residence.Methods: Data were drawn from six survey waves of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health 1973–78 birth cohort. Self-reported general and mental health scores derived from the SF-36 scale were compared for women with a history of IPV living in metropolitan, regional and rural areas. Multivariable generalised estimating equations were constructed adjusting for income hardship, number of children, education, social support, age and marital status.Results: Women with a history of IPV living in regional and rural areas had no significant differences in self-reported general health scores compared to their metropolitan counterparts. Rural women affected by IPV had slightly better self-reported mental health than equivalent women living in metropolitan or regional areas. The socio-demographic factors with the strongest association with self-reported health were income, education, social support, and number of children.Conclusions: Women in regional and rural areas were no more disadvantaged, in terms of self-reported general health or mental health, than IPV affected women living in major cities in Australia.

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