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Does diet mediate the relationship between sociodemographic factors and cardiovascular and dementia outcomes in Australian women?


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and dementia are the leading causes of death and disability for Australian women. Poor dietary patterns are an established key risk factor for CVD and are likely a risk factor for dementia. The relationship between sociodemographic factors, poor dietary patterns and CVD and dementia outcomes needs to be assessed to ensure equitable risk reduction. We aim to use the ALSWH data to assess the relationship between socio-demographic equity factors (ethnicity, SES, income, and location of residence) with dietary intake (both as a continuous measure of diet quality and in terms of food group intakes) and CVD (heart disease and stroke) and dementia outcomes. The aim of this study is to identify whether diet mediates the relationship between sociodemographic equity factors and disease outcomes.