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Menstrual disorders and maternal depression.


Some evidence suggested that menstrual disorders cause depression in women. Remarkably, premenstrual tension is more prevalent in women with maternal depression, but limited research explored whether dysmenorrhea and heavy and irregular periods are risk factors for this depressive syndrome. In addition, the causal association between menstrual disorders and depression during and after childbirth remains unclear in Australian women. Therefore, we conduct a study to explore the prospective effects of menstrual disorders on pre-and postnatal depression. The findings will contribute to raising awareness of Australian women on menstrual disorders to early protect them from maternal depression in the later life.