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Glycaemic index, glycaemic load, and carbohydrate intake and risk of gestational diabetes


Gestational diabetes is one of the most common pregnancy complications. It increases risk of adverse pregnancy and health outcomes for both mothers and their offspring. Carbohydrate restriction and evenly spreading of carbohydrate intake throughout the day helps women with GDM to control their blood glucose levels. Also carbohydrate intake and glycaemic load of the prepregnancy diet may influence risk of developing GDM according to one US study. However, whether this is also the case for other populations is not known. This project aims to examine the associations between glycaemic index, glycaemic load, and carbohydrate content of the prepregnancy diet and the risk of developing gestational diabetes in an Australian population.