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The association of lifestyle factors with longitudinal weight gain in women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome.


Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition affecting up to 1 in 5 reproductive-aged women associated with reproductive, metabolic and psychological complications. Obesity worsens the prevalence and features of PCOS, and women with PCOS have been shown to have a higher prevalence of obesity and greater weight gain over time compared to women without PCOS. Women with PCOS have also been shown to have higher energy intake, be less physically active and sit for longer, however it is not known how much these differences in lifestyle factors contribute to the differences in obesity.