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The association of dietary factors with inflammation and infertility in women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)


Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition affecting up to 1 in 5 reproductive-aged women associated with reproductive, metabolic and psychological complications. Inflammation is proposed as one of the aetiological factors associated with PCOS and conditions associated with increased inflammation such as infertility which is more prevalent in women with PCOS. Different foods are understood to modify inflammation so that better quality diets or diets higher in fruit and vegetables tend to be anti-inflammatory and subsequently improve spontaneous fertility outcomes and outcomes of assisted reproductive technologies (ART).  However, the contribution of dietary quality to conditions associated with inflammation in PCOS has not been well-elucidated. The proposed study will investigate whether dietary quality is associated with infertility in women with and without PCOS.