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Maternal diet before pregnancy and its effect on birth outcomes and child health and well-being


Maternal diet has a significant role in ensuring successful pregnancy outcomes for the mother and her newborn. Nutrition requirements are generally higher in pregnancy to maintain maternal adaptations and the delivery of nutrients to the foetus. In addition, preconception diet is also important for an ideal onset and development of pregnancy since early pregnancy is a critical period for placental and foetal tissue developments. Therefore, maternal diets before pregnancy could have a profound effect on birth and child outcomes.