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Menstrual irregularity as a predictor of metabolic disease and adverse reproductive health outcomes


Given that menstrual irregularity underpins polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its diagnosis, it may be an early indicator for not only PCOS, but also metabolic syndrome, infertility, adverse pregnancy outcomes and early menopause. However, the link between menstrual irregularities and metabolic or adverse reproductive health outcomes remains unclear especially in the Australian population.