Published Papers - Abstract 1076

Aljadani HM, Patterson A, Sibbritt D. Taylor RM & Collins CE. Frequency and variety of usual intakes of healthy foods, fruit, andvegetables predicts lower 6-year weight gain in young women. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2019; :

Background/objectives: We previously demonstrated that fruit and vegetable consumption, was associated with less weightgain over 6 years in young women for all body mass index (BMI) categories. This study evaluated the relationship betweendiet quality and 6-year weight change, in Australian women initially in the healthy weight range (=18.5 BMI <25 kg/m2)atbaseline.Subjects/methods: A total of 4083 young women (27–31 years) in the healthy weight range (=18.5 BMI <25 kg/m2) enroledin the Australian Longitudinal study on Women’s Health (ALSWH) were analysed. Diet quality was measured by theAustralian Recommended Food Score (ARFS) and the Fruit and Vegetable Index (FAVI) using dietary data derived from avalidated food frequency questionnaire. Weight change was calculated as the difference between baseline and 6-year follow-up weight (kg). Multiple linear regression models were used to analyse the association between baseline ARFS and FAVIand 6-year weight change.Results: At baseline, mean diet quality was low for both indices [ARFS (maximum 72)=29.9 and FAVI (maximum 333)=94.2] and women gained 3.7 kg of weight during 6 years of follow-up. Regression modelling revealed that every one pointincrease over 6 years in either the ARFS or FAVI score was associated with statistically significantly less weight gain over 6years, although the amount was small (33 and 12 g, respectively).Conclusions: Higher diet quality predicts lower prospective weight gain in young women however, further research is neededover a longer follow-up period and in diverse population groups.